Data Management and Analysis.
जागृती पाटील, स्वप्नाली काकडे, प्रतिभा माने
- Information System.
What is the Internal Information?
The Information generated throught internal source. A complex information system covering different stages of implementation of products – advertising space on different advertising vehicles. The system replaced partial software solutions supporting individual activities with one complex solution interfacing with other existing information systems. It is operated on a central level at an application server using a web browser.
- What is the External Information?
The information generated throught Government reports, industry surveys etc. An information system or component of an information system that is outside of the authorization boundary established by the organization and for which the organization typically has no direct control over the application of required security controls or the assessment of security control effectiveness.
- I have a box.
- The box is 3′ wide, 3′ deep, and 6′ high.
- The box is very heavy.
- The box has a door on the front of it.
- When I open the box it has food in it.
- It is colder inside the box than it is outside.
- You usually find the box in the kitchen.
- There is a smaller compartment inside the box with ice in it.
- When you open the door the light comes on.
- When you move this box you usually find lots of dirt underneath it.
- Junk has a real habit of collecting on top of this box.
1) What is it?
A refrigerator. You knew that, right? At some point in the sequence you connected with the pattern and understood it was a description of a refrigerator. From that point on each statement only added confirmation to your understanding.
If you lived in a society that had never seen a refrigerator you might still be scratching your head as to what the sequence of statements referred to.
Also, realize that I could have provided you with the above statements in any order and still at some point the pattern would have connected. When the pattern connected the sequence of statements represented knowledge to you. To me all the statements convey nothing as they are simply 100% confirmation of what I already knew as I knew what I was describing even before I started.
- Understanding MIS.
- What is the MIS?
An organized approach to the study of the information needs of an organization’s management at every level in making operational, tactical, and strategic decisions. Its objective is to design and implement procedures, processes, and routines that provide suitably detailed reports in an accurate, consistent, and timely manner.
In a management information system, modern, computerized systems continuously gather relevant data, both from inside and outside an organization. This data is then processed, integrated, and stored in a centralized database (or data warehouse) where it is constantly updated and made available to all who have the authority to access it, in a form that suits their purpose.
Ravi, a newly joined trainee had heard of MIS but did not know much about it.
One day when he was discussing with his senior, Mr. Ajay, he come to know many things.
- Ravi :- I don’t know much about MIS Sir.
- Ajay :- What it is that you know about it?
- Ravi :- I think it is Management Information System; a Computer based system that provides information support to Management.
- Ajay:- Yes! Why, according to you, Management need such information?
- Ravi :- For Decision making?
- Ajay :- Yes! You know that a major portion of organization’s time goes in data collection, processing, documenting and communicating it to the various groups of people. Most of the times, the times, the information is people oriented and human errors are possible in handling the information. Hence, MIS plays a great role.
- Ravi :- Okay, what are other function where MIS is useful?
- Ajay :- In all the function of Management; That is Planning, Staffing, Directing, Coordinating and Controlling; MIS has an important role to play. The system has an important role to play. The system has to take care of lot of points such as: Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Controlling.
- Ajay :- Handling of Voluminous data confirmation of the validity of data transaction Complex processing and multidimensional analysis Quick search and retrieval Mass Storage
Meeting the dynamic and ever changing needs of the stakeholders
- Ravi :- Now I understood the scope of MIS. Thank you sir..
- Ajay :- You are welcome!
Management Information System; a Computer based system that provides information support to management.
MIS has an important role in Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Coordinating and Controlling management activities.
- Objectives of MIS
- Data Capturing : MIS capture data from various internal and external sources of organization. Data capturing may be manual or through computer terminals.
- Processing of Data : The captured data is processed to convert into required information. Processing of data is done by such activities as calculating, sorting, classifying, and summarizing.
- Storage of Information : MIS stores the processed or unprocessed data for future use. If any information is not immediately required, it is saved as an organization record, for later.
- Retrieval of Information : MIS retrieves information from its stores as and when required by various users.
- Dissemination of Information : Information, which is a finished product of MIS, is disseminated to the users in the organization. It is periodic or online through computer terminal.
- Characteristics of MIS
- Need Based : MIS design should be as per the information needs of managers at different levels.
- Exception Based : MIS should be developed on the exception based also, which means that in an abnormal situation, there should be immediate reporting about the exceptional situation to the decision – makers at the required level.
- Future Oriented : MIS should not merely provide past of historical information; rather it should provide information, on the basis of future projections on the actions to be initiated.
- Long Term Planning : MIS is developed over relatively long periods. A heavy element of planning should be involved.
- Central database : In the MIS there should be common data base for whole system.
- MIS for a Business Organization
- Support the Business Process : Treats inputs as a request from the customer and outputs as services to customer. Supports current operations and use the system to influence further way of working.
- Support Operation of a Business Organization : MIS supports operations of a business organization by giving timely information, maintenance and enhancement which provides flexibility in the operation of an organizations.
- To Support Decision Making : MIS supports the decision making by employee in their daily operations. MIS also supports managers in decision making to meet the goals and objectives of the organization. Different mathematical models and IT tools are used for the purpose evolving strategies to meet competitive needs.
- Strategies for an Organization : Today each business is running in a competitive market. MIS supports the organization to evolve appropriate strategies for the business to assented in a competitive environment.
- Airline Industry Question &
- What is Airline
An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines utilize aircraft to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for code share agreements. Generally, airline companies are recognized with an air operating certificate or license issued by a governmental aviation body . Airlines vary in size, from small domestic airlines to full-service international airlines. Airline services can be categorized as being intercontinental, domestic, regional, or international, and may be operated as scheduled services or charters. The largest airline currently is American Airlines Group.
- What is Aviation ?
Aviation is the practical aspect or art of aeronautics, being the design, development, production, operation and use of aircraft, especially heavier than air aircraft. The word aviation was coined by French writer and former naval officer Gabriel La Landelle in 1863, from the verb avier (synonymous flying), itself derived from the Latin word avis.
- What is the aviation industry?
The aviation industry involves all aspects of aviation, including airlines and training centers, vendors and regulatory authorities. January 1, 1914, marks the date of the first commercial airline flight, which was piloted by Tony JannusThe aviation industry works to transport people and products all throughout the world. This industry provides more than 57 million jobs throughout the world, and its economic activity amounts to $2.2 trillion annually. Air travel grows by about 7 percent every year for both leisure and business purposes. The biggest aviation market in the world is the United States, which holds 33 percent of scheduled revenue passenger miles.
- MIS For Airline Industry
Aviation Industry Information System
Any airline industry would expect a distinctive service by keeping safety, security and availability of the planes as a top priority.
Therefore MIS plays important role to manage these aspects.
- This will help them to make decision of new purchases or replacement, maintenance of
- Planning and control of the operation.
- What is Health Care ?
The act of taking preventative or necessary medical procedures to improve a person’s well-being. This may be done with surgery, the administering of medicine, or other alterations in a person’s lifestyle. These services are typically offered through a health care system made up of hospitals and physicians.
- What is Healthcare Industry
Comprises of providers of diagnostic, preventive, remedial, and therapeutic services such as doctors, nurses, hospitals and other private, public, and voluntary organizations. It also includes medical equipment and pharmaceutical manufacturers and health insurance firms.
- Types of Healthcare Industry
- Casual and cautious: are not engaged in their own health, have no immediate need to consume healthcare services and are cost conscious. They make up 34 percent of the U.S. healthcare consumer
- Content and compliant: comprise 22 percent of the U.S. healthcare population and they are happy with their physicians, hospital and insurance plans. They tend to comply with and follow care plans
- Online and onboard: this 17 percent of the healthcare population are keen to learn about health online. They are happy with their healthcare but looking for alternatives and for new technologies
- Sick and savvy: because of their conditions, they consume significant healthcare products and services. They also communicate and partner with their physicians to make treatment decisions. They comprise 14 percent of the U.S. healthcare population
- Out and about: these independent 9 percent of the U.S. healthcare consumers believe in looking for alternative healthcare options and prefer to customize the services they wish to consume
- Shop and save: are 4 percent of the U.S. healthcare consumer group and actively look to save money. They are also willing to switch product and services for better value.
- What is health care industry functions
The healthcare industry (also called the medical industry or health economy) is an aggregation and integration of sectors within the economic system that provides goods and services to treat patients with curative, preventive, rehabilitative, and palliative care. It includes the generation and commercialization of goods and services lending themselves to maintaining and re-establishing health .The modern healthcare industry is divided into many sectors and depends on interdisciplinary teams of trained professionals and Para professionals to meet health needs of individuals and populations.
- Health system
A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.
There is a wide variety of health systems around the world, with as many histories and organizational structures as there are nations. Implicitly, nations must design and develop health systems in accordance with their needs and resources, although common elements in virtually all health systems are primary healthcare and public health measures. In some countries, health system planning is distributed among market participants. In others, there is a concerted effort among governments, trade unions, charities, religious organizations, or other coordinated bodies to deliver planned health care services targeted to the populations they serve. However, health care planning has been described as often evolutionary rather than revolutionary.